'Dessert with Breakfast Diet' Helps Avoid Weight Regain by Reducing Cravings
Dieters have less hunger and cravings throughout the day and are better able to keep off lost weight if they eat a carbohydrate-rich, protein-packed breakfast that includes dessert. These findings come from a new study presented at The Endocrine Society’s 94th Annual Meeting.
“The goal of a weight loss diet should be not only weight reduction but also reduction of hunger and cravings, thus helping prevent weight regain,” said Daniela Jakubowicz, MD, the study’s principal investigator.
Jakubowicz, a senior physician at Tel Aviv University’s Wolfson Medical Center in Holon, Israel, and her coauthors studied nearly 200 nondiabetic obese adults who were randomly assigned to eat one of two low-calorie diets. Both diets had the same number of daily calories—about 1,600 for men and 1,400 for women—but differed mainly in the composition of breakfast.
One group received a low-carbohydrate diet, featuring a 304-kcal breakfast with only 10 g of carbohydrates. The other group ate a 600-kcal breakfast with 60 g of carbs, which included a small sweet, such as chocolate, a doughnut, a cookie, or cake. Both diets contained protein (such as tuna, egg whites, cheese, and low-fat milk) at breakfast, but the “dessert with breakfast diet” had 45 g of protein, 15 g more than in the low-carb diet.
Halfway through the eight-month study, participants in both groups lost an average of 33 lbs (15.1 kg) per person, which Jakubowicz said shows that “both diets work the same.” However, in the last four months of the study, the low-carb group regained an average of 22 lbs (11.6 kg) per person, while participants who ate the dessert with breakfast diet lost another 15 lbs (6.9 kg) each, the authors reported.
In addition, the study subjects who ate the dessert with breakfast diet reported feeling less hunger and fewer cravings compared with the other group. Subjects’ food diaries showed that the dessert with breakfast group had better compliance in sticking to their calorie requirements. Women who ate the dessert with breakfast diet were allowed 500 kcal for lunch and about 300 kcal for dinner. Men in that group could eat a 600-kcal lunch and up to 464 kcal at dinner.
As further evidence supporting the dessert with breakfast diet, the levels of ghrelin, the so-called “hunger hormone,” dropped much more after breakfast than in the low-carb group: 45.2% vs. 29.5%, respectively, according to the abstract.
Jakubowicz attributed the better results from the dessert with breakfast diet to meal timing and composition. She said the diet’s high protein content reduced hunger; the combination of protein and carbs increased satiety; and the dessert decreased cravings for sweet, starchy and fatty foods. Such cravings often occur when a diet restricts sweets and can result in eating many fattening foods that are not allowed on the diet, she said.
Source: Endocrine Society